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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 1984;5(12):6-13.
Published online December 1, 1984.
가족기능도지수(Family APGAR Scores)에 관한 기초조사 연구
강성규 윤방부 이혜리 이동배 심운택
연세대학교의과대학 가정의학교실 충남대학교의과대학 예방의학교실
This study was investigated the Family APGAR Scores which was introduced in 1978 as a utilitarian screening instrument for family function by Dr. Smilkstein. The Family APGAR Index Questionnaire consisted of five items : adaptation, partnership, growth, affection and resolve. The Index Score is ranged from 0 to 10 and is divided into three groups; severly dysfunctional 0-3, moderately dysfunctional 4-6, and highly functional 7-10, for evaluating the family function.
For this study, 466 high school students were chosen and were divided into two groups; Three-choice response format group (Group I) and five-choice response format group (Grup Ⅱ). For comparison, 200 reformatory students whose age were similar to the Group I were selected. The retest was carried out after an interval of two weeks to Group I.
The results of this study are as follows.
1. In Group I, the mean Family APGAR Score is 5.45±2.17. The range of inter-item correlations are 0.18-0.34 and item to total correlations are 0.55-0.63.
2. In Group I, 31.4% belongs to highly functional families, 48.3% moderately dysfunctional families and 20.3% severely dysfunctional families by Smilksteins'classification.
3. The three-choice response format results in good scale qualities and is simpler although five-choice response format yields some improvement in psychometric qualities of the instrument.
4. The difference in Family APGAR Scores between high school students group and reformatory students group is statistically significant(P<0.01).
5. The coefficiency of test-retest reliability after and interval of two weeks is 0.3225, which is statistically significant(P<0.001).
As a result, this study suggested the possibility that the Family APGAR Scores could be applied to the Korean for evaluating family function.
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