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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 1989;10(5):9-22.
Published online May 1, 1989.
일부 공단지역 근로자들의 사회의학적 실태 조사
전철수 정미경 이종진 이미현 이태준
가톨릭대학 의정부 가정의학과교실
Abstract
Followings are major findings obtained from a study on the sociomedical status of the manufacturing workers in the Gu-Ro Industrial zone. Industrial workers run a high risk of having conronic or acute health problems due to exposure to hazardous factors from particular industrial process. Industrial community based family physician have to possess adequate attitude-skills-knowledge on the base of understandings to the total life environment of the industrial workers. This study was planned to find out socio-medical contitions of the workers which seemed to be essential to the promotion of the health of the workers in the industrial zone. Survey questionaire consists of general characteristics of the industrial workers, working status, attitudes to the medicine, 51 items of perceived symptoms. Questionaire survey took one month of period in November 1987. Major findings are ;
1) General characteristics ;
(1) 77.9% of sampled workers were female
(2) 99.8% of workers were less then 25 years of age.
(3) All workers had more than junior high school education and those who finished senior high school occupied the majority with the proportion of 59.3%.
(4) 86.4% of workers were living seperately from their families.
(5) 52.1% of workers had been working in the present plant for from one to two years and those who had been working for less than one year were 32.2%
(6) 86.4%of workers have a job on 16-18 years of age.
(7) Crowdedness per one room, more than fur persons (43.2%), three persons(31.8%).
2) Occupational conditions ;
(1) 47.5% of workers were receiving from 150,000 won to 200,000 won as their monthly salaries and those who receiving from 200,000 won to 250,000 won were 36.8%.
(2) Most of workers(63.6%) were working 12 hours a day.
(3) 58% of workers estimate their working environment to bad state.
(4) Monthly a day off frequency, more four times(17.4%), three times(49.6%).
3) Health status and attitudes to medicine ;
(1) 42.8% of workers estimate their health status to bad state.
(2) Being difficulty in activities in their daily life, patent medicine was administered in 57.2% of the workers and consultation was made with doctors in 26.7% and 16% of workers were self-enduring.
(3) 47.2% of workers experienced suffering from the worsening of their symptoms regardless of their symptoms.
(4) 45.3% of workers were carried out periodic health examination.
(5) 47.8% of workers needed health education. Need to medical person was 44% of workers.
4)Difference in the management of perceived symptoms;
(1) The average number of perceived symptoms was 9.68 during the past four weeks preceding the interview day.
(2) There was difference in the frequency of perceived symptoms according to industrial plant size. The frequency of perceived symptoms in the small plant less than 50 persons was 11.93 and 50-500 persons plant was 8.10 and more 500 persons plant 6.69.
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