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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 1989;10(6):11-21.
Published online June 1, 1989.
가족요인의 차이에 따른 대학생의 흡연양상 -일부지역 대학생을 중심으로-
김종성 이인동 곽기우 이혜리 윤방부
연세대학교의과대학 가정의학교실
To Find out the difference in smoking behavior among university students according to family factors, a study was performed at 3 universities in Seoul and 4 universities in provincial cities including 1,241(821male, 420female) students from september 1st 1988 to september 15th 1988 using questionarre.
Following results were obtained.
1. Total smoking rate of participants were 43.0%, where male smoking rate were 59.8%, female smoking rate were 10.2%
The rate of which, those whom their parents smoked, those without any oposition to smoking by family members, those with free atmosphere in the family, turned out to be 52.4%, 79.2%, 51.0% respectively.
2. The psychological reasons to motivate smoking revealed to be highest rating 45.1% and, curiosity 25.7%, attraction by friends 9.6%, reason for socialization 8.4%.
The motivations of smoking in group of participants whose parents smoke showed psychological reason 44.9%, attraction by friends 11.1%, which is higher than group whose parent do not smoke. However, reason for socialization rated 6.9%, which is lower.
3. 60.5% of total smokers began smoking after graduation of high school, 32.6% began smoking during high school, 6.9% began smoking earlier than middle school. It was obvious that the smoking began earlier when, their family strongly opose, they have free atmosphere, they have low income.
4. 51.9% of total smokers smoked less than 10 cigarrettes a day, 36.0% of total smokers smoked 11~20 cigarettes a day, 12.2% of total smokers smoked more than 21 cigarettes a day.
The amout of smoking were higher when, their family did not care, they believed in catholic and their income is higher.
5. 10.1% of total smokers planned to quit smoking, 49.3% would like to quit if possible, 40.6% did not have any plan.
Smokers had strong affincity to quit smoking when, their parents did not smoke, their all family members opose, they had rigid atmosphere, and when they had low income.
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