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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 1990;11(10):34-39.
Published online October 1, 1990.
급성약물 중독에 대한 임상적 고찰 (Clinical Observation of Acute drug Intoxication)
이홍식(Lee Hong Sik),최학붕(Choi Hak Bung),김경수(Kim Kyung Soo)
부천대성병원 가정의학과
Abstract
The clinical observation was made of 155 patients with acute drug intoxication who admitted to the department of Internal Medicine and department of pediartrics, Pucheon Daesung Hospital during the period from july, 1987 to june, 1989.
We observed and analyzed relating problems conserned to the intoxication. The results were as follow ;
1. The sex incidence was 1male to 1.38female with a preponderance of female. Over one half of the accident group were first decade and 48.5% of the suicide group were the the third decade.
2. The seasonal incidence was highest in Spring and the nest was winter.
3. The most common drug of the intoxicated drugs was therapeutic drugs and in the rest of cases, the druqs were agricultural chemicals, rodenticides and others.
4. The motive of intoxication was suicidal attemt 86.5% and accident 13.5%.
5. While accident group arrived at hospital mainly at daytime, suicide attemped group arrived at night.
6. The most common symptom was imphairment of consciousness occupying 38.1%. And nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain were frequently observed.
7. One half of case was admitted for 2 days and the mean period of admission was 3.4 days.
8. The fatality rate was 9.5% in accident group and 2.2% in suicide attemped group.
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