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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 2006;27(1):7-11.
Published online January 10, 2006.
The Relationship between Stress and Eating Habits of University Students.
Dong Beom Song, Da Hea Seo, Hyun Bin Park, Sung Gwee Ahn, Seung Min Sun, Eun Choel Park, Hoo Yeon Lee
1College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
2National Cancer Center, Division of Cancer Policy and Management, Ilsan, Korea.
3Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. lhy135@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
한 개 대학 대학생의 스트레스와 식습관의 관계
: Recently, many studies have reported that university students have been suffering from stress because of their the uncertainty of their future and employment. Eating habits have often been considered as one of health-related behaviors that may be affected by life stress. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between stress and eating habits in university students.

Methods : A cross-sectional study was designed. The subjects were 282 university students which assessed their eating habits and stresses. The total numbs of students in the study 263. Eating habits were scored using a questionnaire consisting of three categories-regularity, balance, and preference. The stress was assessed by modified Korean version of BEPSI.

Results : The stress score was 2.4 and the total score of eating habits was 44.2. The regularity among the domains of eating habits was 14.1, the balance score was 16.1, and the preference was 14.0. In multiple regression after adjustment with confounding variables, stress had a negative relationship with eating habits.

Conclusion : The relationship between stress and eating habits was statistically significant, especially in regularity and balance. It is important to know not only the health status, but also the factors associated with health such as stresses and eating habits in order to improve the health status of the university students. Further research needs to uncover causality and make a generalization.
Key Words: stress, eating habit, regularity, balance, preference
연구배경 : 최근 대학생들은 취업을 비롯한 여러 가지 원인으로 스트레스를 많이 받고 있다. 따라서 이들의 건강에 중요한 영향을 미치는 스트레스 수준과 식습관을 살펴보고, 이들의 관계를 알아보고자 하였다. 한국어판 BEPSI (Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument)을 이용하였고, 식습관 측정은 한국보건사회연구원의 자가 진단용 설문지를 이용하였다.

결과 : 연구 대상자는 총 263명이었으며 이 중 남자는 171명(65.0%), 여자는 92명(35.0%)이었고, 평균나이는 23.0세였다. 아시아-태평양인 기준에 의하여 대상자의 78.3%가 정상군에 속했으며, 21.7%가 과체중군에 속하였다. 연구대상자의 식습관 점수는 규칙성이 평균 14.1점, 균형성이 평균 16.1점, 기호성이 평균 14.0점이었으며, 총점은 85점 만점에 44.2점이었다. BEPSI-K로 측정한 스트레스 점수는 5점 만점에 평균 2.4점이었다. 스트레스와 식습관의 관계는 규칙성 점수, 균형성 점수 그리고 식습관의 총점과 통계적으로 유의한 관계가 있었다

결론 : 스트레스가 증가할수록 전반적인 식습관은 물론 식습관의 구성 요소 중 규칙성과 균형성 점수가 낮았다. 즉, 전반적으로 스트레스를 많이 받을수록 식습관이 좋지 않았다. 따라서 대학생들의 건강증진을 위한 식습관 향상을 위해서는 식습관 자체는 물론 이에 영향을 미치는 스트레스의 관리도 동시에 이루어져야 그 효과가 더욱 증가할 것이다.
중심 단어: 스트레스, 식습관, 규칙성, 균형성, 기호성


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