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Korean J Fam Med > Volume 30(8); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2009;30(8):577-587.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2009.30.8.577    Published online August 20, 2009.
Health Economics and Outcomes Research.
Chul Min Kim
Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. musofm@catholic.ac.kr
일차의료에서 보건경제학과 성과분석
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실
Health conomics refers to the scientific discipline that compares the value of one healthcare program to another. It is a sub-discipline of Micro-economics. A health economic study evaluates the cost (expressed in monetary terms) and effects (expressed in terms of monetary value, effi cacy or enhanced quality of life) of a healthcare program or product. We can distinguish several types of health economic evaluation: cost-minimization analysis, cost-benefi t analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis and cost-utility analysis. Health economics studies serve to guide optimal healthcare resource allocation, in a standardized and scientifi cally grounded manner. Health economics research facilitates the translation of health technology assessment into useful information for healthcare decision-makers to ensure that society allocates scarce health care resources wisely, fairly and effi ciently. Health economics usually evaluate the outcomes like clinical, economics and humanistic outcomes per costs. Health economics research include pharmacoeconomics, clinical epidemiology, decision analysis, modeling, risk assessment, patient-reported outcomes (quality of life), database analyses, observational studies, and patients registries.
Key Words: Health Economics; Pharmacoeconomics; Economic Evaluation; Cost; Quality of Life
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