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Korean J Fam Med > Volume 31(2); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Family Medicine 2010;31(2):115-123.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2010.31.2.115    Published online February 20, 2010.
Characteristics of Diagnosed Novel Influenza A (H1N1) Cases in the Community Sentinel Hospital and Usefulness of Clinical Diagnosis.
Dong Hun Lee, Jun Su Kim, Chan Woong Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Sang Jin Lee, Yong Soon Park
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Chung-Ang University Yongsan Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Family Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. pyongs@hanmail.net
일개 거점병원에 방문한 신종인플루엔자 환자의 특성과 진단방법의 유용성
이동훈, 김준수, 김찬웅, 김성은, 이상진, 박용순
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Abstract
Background
The purpose of this paper is to investigate for the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients with diagnosed novel influenza A (H1N1) and to evaluate the usefulness of clinical diagnosis. Methods: Out of 696 patients who visited the community sentinel hospital for novel influenza from 27 Aug 2009 to 10 Sep 2009, 557 patients had performed the conventional RT-PCR test. Of these patients, 540 patients were enrolled to our study excluding 17 patients who had performed the test for their own request without clinical suspicion. Results: The 79 patients (14.6%) were finally diagnosed as novel influenza by conventional RT-PCR, with median age 19. Main clinical symptoms were febrile sense, cough, rhinorrhea, and sore throat. The odd ratios of the symptoms with fever, febrile sense and myalgia, acute febrile respiratory disease, influenza-likely illness, the age with 10 to 19, and students were statistically significantly higher in finally diagnosed patients group. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of rapid antigen test for influenza were 29.4%, 99.3%, 90.9%, and 85.7%, respectively. In the acute febrile respiratory disease and influenza-likely illness, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value were 77.2%, 38.3%, 17.7%, and 90.7%, and 69.6%, 46.6%, 18.3%, and 89.9%, respectively. Conclusion: In the community sentinel hospital, the patients with novel influenza A (H1N1) present the clinical manifestations similar to the common seasonal influenza. Primary health care providers might have a lot of difficulties in differentiation and treatment necessitating consideration of a variety of diagnostic methods.
Key Words: Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype; RT-PCR; Rapid Antigen Test; Acute Febrile Respiratory Disease; Influenza-Likely Illness
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