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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 2005;26(5):269-275.
Published online May 10, 2005.
Investigation of Smoking Rate, Habits and Attitudes towards Smoking in Lawyers of Korea.
Eun Jung Chung, Jee Kyoung Joung, Hong Gwan Seo, Sun Ha Jee
1National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea. hongwan@unitel.co.kr
2Department of Family Medicine, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University, Korea.
3Graduate School of Health Science and Management, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
우리나라 변호사 흡연율 및 흡연 행태 조사
정은정,정제경,서홍관,지선하
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Abstract
Background
: It is well-known that a decline in the prevalence of smoking among physicians has preceded a decline in the general population. For the purpose of finding out the reason for lower smoking rate in Korean medical doctors than that of general population whether it is due to knowledge of toxicity related to smoking perceived as health professionals or as the only leader group in society this study was investigated. We selected lawyers as a representative of other professional groups. We investigated smoking rate, habits and attitudes towards smoking in Korean lawyers and compared the smoking rate and attitudes towards smoking in lawyers with those of medical doctors.

Methods : This study investigates smoking rate, habits and attitudes towards smoking in Korean lawyers. An anonymous self-administered postal survey was used. One-third of registered lawyers were sampled according to stratified random sampling. Among 1,401 target population, 463 (38.3%) responded.

Results : Among male lawyers, 38.0% were current smokers, 38.9% were ex-smokers and 23.1% were non-smokers, while 7.7% were ex-smokers and 92.3% were non-smokers among female lawyers. The direct age-adjusted smoking rate among Korean male lawyers was 42.1%.

Conclusion : In comparison of the direct age-adjusted smoking rate among male lawyers, medical doctors and general population in Korea, the rate in lawyers was 42.1%, medical doctors 34.9%, and general population 67.6%. The smoking rate of lawyers was found to be higher than that of medical doctors, but considerably lower than that of general population. In comparison of the attitudes towards smoking between lawyers and medical doctors, the lawyers were found to have a lower level of support in questions of the knowledge about the harmful effects of smoking and smoking bans on health than medical doctors.
Key Words: lawyers, smoking rate, smoking habits, attitudes towards smoking
초록
연구배경 : 각 나라별로 흡연율의 변동을 추이하는 데 있어 의사의 흡연율이 중요한 예측지표가 된다는 것은 이미 잘 알려진 바 있다. 본 연구에서는 대표적인 전문가 집단인 변호사 집단을 선정, 변호사 흡연율을 조사하여 의사의 흡연율 및 일반 인구와의 흡연율과 비교함으로써 전문가 집단의 흡연율을 파악하고, 변호사와 의사의 흡연 행태 및 인식도를 상호 비교하고자 하였다.

방법 : 2000년 5월 당시 대한변호사회에 등록된 변호사수는 총 4,228명이었다. 이들을 대상으로 성별, 연령별, 계층별로 층화하여 약 33%에 해당하는 1,401명의 설문대상자를 무작위 추출, 선정하여 세계보건기구(WHO)에서 세계 각국의 보건의료인들의 흡연율을 조사하기 위하여 개발한 설문지를 번역 사용하였다. 우편설문조사의 응답률을 높이기 위하여 무응답자에게는 설문지를 세 번 우송하였다.

결과 : 응답자의 흡연율을 분석한 결과 비흡연자는 25.1%였으며, 과거흡연자는 38.0%, 현재흡연자는 36.9%였다. 이를 성별로 보았을 때 여성에서는 비흡연자가 92.3%, 과거흡연자가 7.7%, 흡연자가 0.0%였고, 남성에서는 비흡연자가 23.1%, 과거흡연자가 38.9%, 흡연자가 38.0%로 성별에 따른 흡연여부는 통계적으로 유의하였다 (P<0.001). 직접 연령별 표준화 흡연율을 비교하였을 때, 변호사 흡연율은 남자 현재흡연율이 42.1%, 과거 흡연율이 37.2%였다.

결론 : 변호사 흡연율은 남자 흡연율이 42.1%로 의사 흡연율 34.9%보다는 높았으나 같은 해 조사한 우리나라 성인 남자의 흡연율인 67.7%에 비해서는 상당히 낮은 것으로 나타났다. 흡연에 대한 인식도 조사에서는 흡연의 유해성에 관한 단순 항목에서는 의사와 변호사 모두 큰 차이가 없었으나, 흡연의 건강에 대한 위해도에 관한 인식을 묻는 항목에 대해서 변호사들이 의사들에 비해 인식도가 약간 낮은 것으로 나타났다.
중심 단어: 변호사, 흡연율, 흡연 행태, 흡연에 대한 인식도


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