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Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine 1991;12(5):38-45.
Published online May 1, 1991.
A study on the relationship between family APGAR and cigarette smoking.
Young Ran Lee, Hyun Ja Kim, Go Bong Lee, Byung Chul Lee, Sang Mo Choi
흡연과 가족기능지수와의 관계에 관한 고찰
이영란, 김현자, 이고봉, 이병철, 최상모
대림 성모병원 가정의학과
In order to study the relationship between the family APGAR score and smoking, a survey was performed at 4 boys high schools in Seoul from May 1st, 1990 to June 30th, 1990.
Total 833 respondents were included.

The results were as follows;
1. Among them, the freshmen were 244 cases (26.9%), the sophomore and the senior were 371 (44.5%), 238 (28.6%) respectively.
2. Smokers among the respondents were 356 cases(42.7%) The motives of smoking were the curiosity(49.4%), the attraction of friends (19.4%), and the emotional stability(15.7%) in order.
The 47.5% of total smokers began smoking before graduation of middle school, 72.5% of them smoked less than 10 cigarettes per day.
3. In accordance to family APGAR score, 239 cases(28.7%) had severe family dysfunction, 315 cases(37.8%) had moderate family dysfunction, and 279 cases(33.5%) had healthy family function.
4. Family APGAR score was lower in the smokers, especially in the heavy smokers than the non-smokers.
5. Among the factors that were suspected to be contributing to the smoking habit, the followings showed a statistically significant difference ; The grade, the school year, the friendship, the drinking, the living together with parents, the way of breeding by parents, the parents' smoking and the sufferings.


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